Monday, May 27, 2013

Europe Timeline

Disclaimer: Brief history and overview of the European Time Period, written in chronological order and in layman language. Whatever that is written below is to the best of the author's knowledge and interpretation; hence this post may be updated from time to time, with corrections and whatnot. Magnification of events-- mostly in Britain-- in a certain age is through the author's limited perspective, thus she only highlights what she deems eventful-- to her at least-- at that time. Insights into certain time periods may be written on separate posts, since dynasties and eras are magnificently intricate  and the author has no heart to discount them all. The author also acknowledges that the magnification of events are highly biased, but since the post is still under construction, magnification and addition of events will be improved over time. She may also reduce redundant information to prevent this post from becoming a bit too voluble; voluble information will be replaced with external links

  • Bronze Age was the time of Trojan War, and Sparta. Britain was named after a Trojan-descent, Brutus
  • Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome overlapped with Iron Age
Archaic Time (approx 700BC - 100AD)
  • Ancient Greece (time of Alexander the Great) and then Roman Empire. 
    • After the rule of Cleopatra VII (a Greek by the way, the Ptolemy Dynasty was thanks to Alexander the Great) was the fall of Egypt, into the hands of Rome. 
    • Before Cleopatra's fall, the great Julius Caesar was murdered by his comrades. 
    • The infamous story between Cleopatra and Mark Antony then came about. 
    • The Roman Republic was formed, with Augustus Caesar as the first Roman Emperor.
    • Jesus Christ was born around this time.
    • The story of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra & Mark Antony was written and adapted in many books, plays, movies, dramas, including two of William Shakespeare plays centuries later
  • Celtic Gaul taken over by Julius Caesar. From then on there has always been rebellions (such as the time when Queen Boudica of Iceni rebelled) 
  • During the Roman Empire, Emperor Constantine became Christian and the head-cutting ways of the Celtic Druids eventually died out
  • After the fall of the Roman Empire, came the Anglo-Saxon conquest (people from neighbouring countries)
Middle Ages/ Medieval Age (approx 400AD - 1500AD)
Normans. Time of dragons and all. I think dinosaur bones
were discovered then, so the people deemed it to be
"dragons." This is my own assumption.
  • When the Ancient Roman Empire collapsed, barbarian tribes began rushing around Europe. During this turbulent period of the early Middle Ages entered the Dark Ages, as described by Wikipedia: the concept of a period of intellectual darkness and economic regression that supposedly occurred in Europe
  • Ruling period of the mythical King Arthur
  • During the Dark Ages people were pessimistic about living, and usually look forward to entering heaven, hence making sure they have not sinned.
  • Viking Age then the Norman Age instigated by William the Conquerer (or William of Normandy)
  • After the Normans was the House of the Plantagenets, longest ruling Dynasty before it ended by the War of the Roses
  • Before the Plantagenets, the king often ruled France and England together, until the struggle between King Stephen and Queen Matilda. So many generations later the King of England wanted France back, then came the Hundred Years of War (116 years actually). Read about Joan of Arc here:
Medieval clothing during the hundred years of war involved pointed hats and shoes. At least this is what I observe from the French (Robin Hood and Joan of Arc)
  • Black Death
  • War of the Roses (Lancaster family is Red Rose and York family is White Rose) and Tudor Era was found. There's a movie called White Queen coming out soon! Excerpt from Wikipedia regarding an awesome historical novel by Phillipa Gregory:-
  • The Cousins' War [edit]

    1. The White Queen (2009) - The story of Elizabeth Woodville, the queen consort of King Edward IV of England and mother of the Princes in the Tower.
    2. The Red Queen (2010) - The story of Lady Margaret Beaufort and her quest to place her son Henry Tudor on the English throne.
    3. The Lady of the Rivers (2011) - The story of Jacquetta of Luxembourg, the mother of Elizabeth Woodville.
    4. The Kingmaker's Daughter (2012) - The story of Anne Neville, daughter of Warwick "the Kingmaker" and wife of Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, and later of Richard III of England, and of Anne's elder sister Isabel Neville, wife of George Duke of Clarence
    5. The White Princess (2013) - The story of Elizabeth of York, daughter of Elizabeth Woodville and Edward IV. Wife of Henry VII and mother of Henry VIII of England.
    (Also, The Last Rose (TBA) - Protagonist unknown; possibly Mary I or Margaret, Queen of Scotland)
    Currently, the chronological order that these books should be read in is 1) The Lady of the Rivers 2) The White Queen 3) The Red Queen 4) The Kingmaker's Daughters 5)The White Princess (not yet released); where The Last Rose fits on this list is currently unknown.
  • Christopher Columbus discovers America, New World and New Age started
Renaissance + Late Middle Ages (1300 - 1600)
  • Rule of King Henry VIII (his six wives), Bloody Mary, and Queen Elizabeth I:
  • Religious war and upheaval in England, between the Catholics and Protestants (16th Century England/1500s to be specific)
  • Elizabethan Era, England's Golden Age
  • William Shakespeare lived during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I
  • Unlike the medieval period, there was a real spirit of enquiry: science, history, art, nature to name a few
  • Leornado Da Vinci lived during the Renaissance Era, worked in Florence and Milan a lot: one of the really prosperous places then
  • House of Stuarts, Guy Fawkes incident during the coronation of King James I, successor of Queen Elizabeth II
  • English Civil War (Roundheads vs Cavaliers); Puritans and Oliver Cromwell. After the death of Oliver Cromwell was the Restoration period (still under House of Stuarts)
  • Witch fanaticism during the reign of Oliver Cromwell and mostly throughout the Stuart Period
Industrial Revolution (17th to 19th Century)

  • Regency Era (like those described in Jane Austen's books)
  • Victorian Era
20th Century
  • World War I
  • World War II (a lot of good reads and movies such as Diary of Anne Frank and Pearl Harbour) 
  • Cold War
  • Albert Einstein! Marie Curie! They both lived during the World War (Albert lived through the Second World War as well, it was quite a turbulent time for him)
Note: page still under construction

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